Academy of Chiropractic Personal Injury & Primary Spine Care Program
Quickie Consult 509
Clinical Information CI 80
“Concussion & Post-Concussion Syndrome”
- Concussion is described as an injury to the brain that results from an impact or blow to the head. By definition, a concussion is not a life–threatening injury, but it can cause both short–term and long–term problems. A concussion results from a closed–head type of injury. A concussion results in temporary loss of normal brain function. Cuts or bruises may be present on the head or face, but in many cases there are no signs of trauma. Many people assume that concussions involve a loss of consciousness, but that is not true. In most cases, a person with a concussion never loses consciousness.
- The formal medical definition of concussion is: a clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient alteration in brain function, including alteration of mental status and level of consciousness, Reference:http://www.mdguidelines.com/postconcussion-syndrome resulting from mechanical force or trauma.
- People with concussions often cannot remember what happened immediately before or after the injury, and they may act confused. A concussion can affect memory, judgment, reflexes, speech, balance, and muscle coordination.
- Even mild concussions should not be taken lightly. Neurosurgeons and other brain injury experts emphasize that although some concussions are less serious than others, there is no such thing as a "minor concussion." In most cases a single concussion should not cause permanent damage. A second concussion soon after the first one, however, does not have to be very strong for its effects to be deadly or permanently disabling.
- Prolonged headache
- Vision disturbances
- Nausea or vomiting
- Impaired balance
- Memory loss
- Ringing ears
- Difficulty concentrating
- Sensitivity to light
- Loss of smell or taste
- 850.0 concussion mental confusion disorientation loss consciousness
- 850.11 concussion loss consciousness 30 minutes less
- 850.12 concussion loss consciousness 3159 minutes
- 850.2 concussion loss consciousness 124 hours
- 850.3 concussion loss consciousness more than 24
- 850.4 concussion prolonged loss consciousness return preexisting
- 850.5 concussion loss consciousness unspecified duration
- 850.9 concussion unspecified
seizure disorder. Postconcussive syndrome usually follows mild head injury, in which loss or alteration in consciousness lasts less than 20 minutes.
Mark Studin DC, FASBE(C), DAAPM, DAAMLP
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Chiropractic, University of Bridgeport, College of Chiropractic
Adjunct Professor, Division of Clinical Sciences, Texas Chiropractic College
Educational Presenter, Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education Joint Partnership with the State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences